On December 2, 2021, a meeting was held at the central office of the Kazavialesoohrana dedicated to the implementation of the media plan for 2021 and the analysis of fires that have passed into the category of large ones. The meeting was attended by the management of the enterprise, the head of the APS, the inspector of the LPS, the commanders of aviation units, the heads of aviation departments and the dispatcher of the RDS.

During the meeting, it was decided to create a series of articles dedicated to the great and bright path traversed by the Kazakh base of aviation Forest Protection and forestry services from the day of its creation to the present day.


In December, vegetation will begin to be restored at the bottom of the dried-up part of the Aral Sea. This is done to reduce the number of so-called storms. The large-scale project is designed until 2025, the correspondent of Khabar 24 reports. These images, taken from the International Space Station very recently, show very clearly what remains of the former Aral Sea. An almost completely dried-up pond is located in the upper right part of the frame. And this video shows an extremely dangerous atmospheric phenomenon that is increasingly observed in the Aral region. The so-called salt storms always occur unexpectedly and cause a lot of trouble to the local population. The remains of herbicides washed from cotton fields in Uzbekistan have been accumulating on the bottom of the Aral Sea for several decades in a row. They got there with the waters of the Amu Darya. Now the salt and poisons are already on the surface. When inhaled, such an aerosol causes irreparable harm to the body. It is believed that the only way to stop the degradation of the soil at the bottom of the Aral Sea is to plant saxaul. Uzbekistan has been actively engaged in this for the past three years. And now our country is joining the work.

Vladimir Sanarov, inspector of the Kazavialesoohrana:

- Any event begins with preparation. This is a huge layer of work, especially in the conditions of the Aral Desert, where there is more than 100 kilometers of length, an absolute lack of roads and infrastructure. There is no connection at all. The salt desert moreover. Huge areas that are covered with dust. This is silt, and with salt. And now we have to prepare landing sites on these silt deposits. The work on sowing the saxaul on the Aral Sea bottom was entrusted to the republican state enterprise "Kazavialesookhrana". The peculiarity of the project is that aviation will be actively used here. This is the only way to cover the vast territory of the former sea. In a few days, the tender will be completed, where Kazakh airlines participate. At least 6 AN-2 aircraft, which usually work in the agricultural sector of the country, will be used in the works. Saxaul seeds were previously collected on the territory of the Ile-Balkhash Reserve. Now they have already been sent to the Kyzylorda region. According to Kazavialesookhran, the new project will seriously change the work of the enterprise.

Vladimir Sanarov, inspector of the Kazavialesoohrana:

- At a minimum, amendments and additions are needed in 6 regulatory and legislative acts. This is the charter of the enterprise, which should allow us to carry out these works, these are the rules for performing and carrying out work, these are the rules for forest reproduction, the rules for aviation work. At the first stage, with the help of aircraft, the seeds of saxaul will be sown on an area exceeding 64 thousand hectares. The work should be completed by December 20. The whole project is designed for the next 3 years. The estimated landing area of the saxaul is one and a half million hectares.

Authors: Grigory Bedenko, Eduard Kohn, Aben Narynbayev


Happy First President Of The Republic Of Kazakhstan!

 Dear people of Kazakhstan!
    We congratulate you on the state holiday-the Day of the First President of the Republic of Kazakhstan! On this day, 30 years ago, Nursultan Nazarbayev was declared President of the country as a result of the first national elections. The head of state is a symbol and guarantor of the unity of the people and state power, the inviolability of the Constitution, human and civil rights and freedoms. The first President of the Republic of Kazakhstan Nursultan Nazarbayev is an outstanding state and political figure of our time, who created a unique model of the state with rapid socio-economic and political development, the Leader of the nation, who gives all his strength and talent to build a competitive state. Therefore, it is quite natural that his strategic thinking and far-sighted policy admire world leaders, cause sincere respect of people, allow Kazakhstanis to determine priorities in the development of society for decades to come.
   Dear Kazakhstanis, we cordially congratulate you on this significant holiday. We sincerely wish good health, happiness, peace and prosperity to every family, success in work for the sake of further prosperity of our sovereign state!
With best wishes, staff of the state enterprise "Kazavialesoohrana"


Tien Shan Brown Bear

There are seven types of bears in the world: brown, white, white-breasted (Asian black, Himalayan), baribal (American black), spectacled, Malay and sponge. According to V. G. Heptner, there are seven subspecies of brown bear in the former USSR, which differ from each other in size, color, skull structure, and claw shape. The names of these subspecies are: Kamchatka, Ussuri, Yenisei, Central Russian (common), Caucasian, Syrian (Transcaucasian) and Tien Shan. The bear on the Tien Shan was first described in 1873 by N. A. Severtsov, giving him the name "white-footed". Currently, this name is used as a synonym for the Tien Shan bear. The Tianshan brown bear lives in the mountainous regions of Nepal, western China, northern India, northern Pakistan, and southeastern Kazakhstan. In its region of habitat, this animal is the largest mammal. In Kazakhstan, it is distributed on the Tien Shan (Karzhantau, Ugam, Talas, Kirghiz, Zailiysky, Kungei, Terskei, Ketmen ridges), as well as in the Dzungarian Alatau with peripheral mountain ranges Altyn-Emel, Toksanbai, Koyandytau, Kaikan.


The size of these bears is small compared to other brown counterparts. The length of males varies from 1.5 to 2.2 meters. Females reach a length of 1.4-1.85 meters. That is, the weaker sex is somewhat smaller than the stronger. The usual weight of these bears reaches 300 kg. But sometimes there are powerful representatives of this subspecies with a body length of up to 3 meters and a weight of up to 700 kg. The claws on the front paws are long and light. The skin has a sandy or reddish-brown color. Cubs are darker than adult animals, but they lighten with age. Almost all cubs have light or reddish spots and stripes on their chests and necks, but later they disappear. Adult animals with such markings are rare. In summer, animals shed a lot. The Tien Shan bear is smaller than the Kamchatka, Ussuri, Yenisei and Central Russian, about the same size as the Caucasian and larger than the Syrian. Compared with the Central Russian, its muzzle is more shortened, the fur is sparse, the claws are less curved and more blunt, their color is lighter.

Behavior and nutrition

The bear walks slowly, the head is usually lowered. The beast often looks down in front of him and only occasionally - to the sides. Puts the front paws somewhat at an angle, with the toes inside. In case of danger, it instantly transforms: the movements become sharp and rapid. The running speed reaches 50 km/h. He perfectly overcomes the puzzling descents and ascents. The bear has a very sensitive nose. By the smell of a few hundred meters, the beast finds the corpses of animals. Flair helps him to avoid a dangerous meeting with a person in time. He hears well too, but he sees weakly.

In late October or early November, a permanent snow cover is established in the mountains. Since that time, Tien Shan bears have been lying in dens for hibernation. The Tien Shan bear spends four to five months in a state of winter sleep, and females with cubs about a month longer. The reason for lying in the den is quite clear – it is extremely difficult for a bear to feed in winter. For successful overwintering, the beast needs a sufficient amount of fat. When fats are oxidized, the energy necessary to maintain life is released. The Tien Shan bear almost always arranges a den in small rock niches. It very rarely lies for the winter in the roots of a tree turned out by the wind or under the thick branches of the Tien Shan spruce hanging almost to the ground. There are no known cases of a bear in the mountains digging his own den in the ground, as it happens on the plain. In winter, the air temperature in the den is several degrees higher than outside. A thick layer of nest litter also retains heat. Thick fat and subcutaneous fur have heat-insulating properties. Due to this, the energy costs of the body are reduced and fat reserves are spent sparingly. Defecation and urination stop. In females, during winter sleep, the development of embryos, childbirth, and feeding of cubs occur. A bear that has not accumulated fat by autumn and has not lain down in a den for this reason is called a connecting rod. The beast continues to wander in search of food in winter and becomes aggressive and dangerous to humans. Connecting rod bears are better known in Siberia and the Far East. There are no berries, fruits, nuts at all on a huge territory in lean years - the main autumn food of the bear. The Tien Shan bear is in a better position. In the mountains, natural conditions are more diverse and simultaneous failure of berries and fruits in all high-altitude zones at once is an extremely rare phenomenon.

After hibernation, bears in search of food descend to the lower belt of the mountains, where they feed on last year's grass and the remains of juniper berries in the first thaw. Sometimes it feeds on the corpses of fallen animals (deer, mountain goats) - victims of avalanches, wolves, poachers. After thawing the soil, the roots of plants become available to the bear. From mid-April (or a little earlier or later), the first sprouts of eremerus, ferula, rhubarb appear. Since that time, bears do not starve. Gradually, the animals climb higher into the mountains, as fresh vegetation appears. By June, most of the animals are in the subalpine and alpine zones. "In the pasture, the bear resembles a cow. Sometimes, for several hours in a row, the beast grazes in a clearing with a diameter of only a few tens of meters. He walks slowly and chooses his favorite herbs. Once he even rolled aside a huge boulder that prevented him from eating the whole bush of the hogweed growing here" (Grachev Yu. A. Tien Shan bear. 1982. pp. 53-54). Under the rocks, the bear looks for worms, mollusks, insects. There are also anthills dug by a bear. However, not all animals include ants in their diet. In general, differences in tastes, according to Yu. A. Grachev, are sometimes noticeable even in animals from the same family. The bear usually feeds on grass all morning, goes to rest in the juniper bushes in the afternoon, and goes out to eat grass again in the evening. At the end of summer, the berries of juniper, honeysuckle, raspberry, wild cherry, currant, blackberry, hawthorn, rose hips begin to ripen. There are fewer and fewer animals in the upper belts of the mountains. They are increasingly found below – in the thickets of berry bushes. In early autumn, apples ripen – one of the bear's favorite treats. First of all, the bear picks up apples under the trees. If there are not enough of them, then he takes the fruits from the lower branches, standing on his hind legs, or climbs a tree. Until late autumn, archie and rosehip berries are well preserved on the bushes. The bear eats them before lying down in the den. Bears in the mountains constantly roam usually within one or two large river valleys. From spring to autumn, the animals manage to visit the most forage places from the foothill plain to the sources of rivers. This distance ranges from 15-20 to 40-50 km. During the year, the beast visits an area of 30 to 100 square kilometers. They do not have permanent habitats in this territory, they only stay for a while where there is food. The territory of one or two valleys is equally used by all bears living here, being common to them. Sometimes 3-5, and sometimes 15-20 animals live on it. Most of the time they are dispersed over this territory more or less evenly. When meeting with relatives, they are limited to demonstrating a threat.

The basis of its nutrition is plant food (99% of the annual diet). Due to the high-calorie autumn food, the bear accumulates fat necessary for hibernation. Animal food is of secondary importance. According to Y. A. Grachev, the menu of the Tien Shan bear includes 110 species of herbaceous plants, 40 species of berry bushes and fruit trees and about 20 species of animals. The species composition of plants that the Tien Shan bear feeds on varies in different geographical areas. In the Dzungarian Alatau, the first place in the bear diet in autumn is occupied by apple fruits, then by honeysuckle, rosehip, dogwood, raspberry. In the Trans-Ili Alatau - fruits of apple, apricot, hawthorn, raspberry, rosehip. In the Talas Alatau – the fruits of juniper, then apple, honeysuckle, rosehip, buckthorn. On the Ugam, Pskov, Chatkal ridges of the Western Tien Shan, the bear also eats the fruits of walnuts, cherry plums, pistachios, grapes in autumn. Animal food rarely appears on the bear's menu. These are mainly invertebrates, rodents and carrion. From animals, rodents, ungulates, small predators sometimes become victims of the bear. Yu. A. Grachev observed how the bear tore up the holes of voles. He also found holes excavated by the bear of blindfolds and long-tailed marmots. He breaks groundhog burrows more often on high-altitude plateaus, leaving narrow and long trenches in their place. There are digs of gray marmot burrows dug by a bear with a meter depth and a width of 5-7 meters. Bears are showing interest in marmots already in early spring. In general, getting a groundhog out of a hole is not often a bear's luck. Often the burrows of marmots in the mountains are long, deep, go under large boulders. And, the bear, starting to dig, often throws aimless occupation. In case of danger, hares sometimes hide in groundhog burrows and it happens that the bear manages to get him out of there. It happens that a bear manages to find a wounded maral by blood (the wound can be received in a fight with another male during the rut) and suddenly attack him. Yu. A. Grachev describes one of such cases. The bear dragged its prey (and the maral weighed one and a half to two times more) into a thicket of willow a hundred meters from the bed. There he filled up the middle part of the carcass with earth. As Yu . A . notes . Grachev, the bear buries its prey primarily because it tries to hide it from other animals. In dense bushes, it is difficult for birds to detect it from the air, and if it is littered with earth, it is almost impossible to find it by smell. Zoologists observed how marals and a bear, roe deer and a bear fed on grass in one clearing. They ran away from the bear only when the neighborhood turned out to be dangerous. The bear rarely attempted to attack. Once he was seen rushing into the archie bushes, where a roe deer had just gone, but she managed to jump out and gallop away. The bear eats roe deer if the animal died in winter from lack of food or from wolves. Zoologists have never seen a bear chasing mountain goats or argali, which also sometimes feed or rest near the bear. Nevertheless, ungulates avoid close proximity to it. Zoologists once observed in April in the Talas Alatau an attempt to hunt a bear for wild boars. In October 1974, a hunter found an adult male boar killed by a bear in the Bel-Bulak gorge (Trans-Ili Alatau). The head, hind leg, part of the meat on the spine and bones remained from the prey. Following the tracks, it was established that a bear and two cubs were chasing a herd of wild boars. Occasionally, domestic animals become the prey of the Tien Shan bear. Usually, sheep, goats and calves fall into his paws, straggling from the herd and wandering in the mountains without protection. Sometimes the beast specializes in the extraction of pets. In the Almaty Nature Reserve, a young bear several times dragged sheep out of the rangers' sheds at night.

Usually the bear can be seen during feeding. In the morning twilight, the animals are usually already in the pasture. At dawn, they usually go to secluded places. In protected areas, bears occasionally stay in the pasture until nine or ten o'clock in the morning. The resting place is a small oblong hole (a bed), dug at the base of a tree, at a rock or in bushes. These beds can be distinguished by piles of litter accumulated nearby, since the animal often defecates lying down. They like to relax, stretched out on a large boulder. On hot days in spring and early summer, they often lie in the snow. A bear usually has several beds located close to one another. He arranges them depending on the temperature or illumination by the sun. In summer – on ridges, steep ledges that are better blown, under spreading trees, rocks and bushes. In the cool highlands – in the open. Sometimes, the beast does not dig holes, but only tears off vegetation with its claws on a horizontal platform. It is extremely rare that he lies down on the grass. Resting, the bear often itches. Animals are pestered mainly by ticks and fleas. The bear rests on the couch all the hot hours of the day. If it is cloudy (and, therefore, cooler), it is not uncommon to meet an animal during the day. Rain or falling snow does not bother the bear much, and he feeds quietly. In nature reserves, bears often go out to feed during the day. In the evening, as soon as the heat of the day subsides a little, the animals reappear in the pasture. In clear weather, they usually come out at five or six o'clock in the evening and graze until dark. Zoologists assume that bears are active at night and, judging by the tracks, they travel long distances during the night. It is possible that they rest for some time at night.

Reproduction and life expectancy

Bears become sexually mature in the third or fourth year of life, and some even later. In spring, adult bears of different sexes keep apart, avoid each other. Males walk alone, females - with cubs of the current or last year of birth. In May-June comes the rut period. However, females who have young cubs do not pay attention to males, since they will be busy raising offspring until next spring. According to zoologists, the so-called bear trees help to find each other during the rutting season, on which they leave odorous and optical marks - snacks, bark scrapes with claws, scuffs on trunks, deep dents from animal tracks in the ground, etc. At the same time, such trees help to avoid unwanted encounters in other periods, contribute to regulating the placement of animals on the territory, optimal use of feed. Almost all the trees marked by bears are located near the trail, as the animals prefer to walk along the trails. At the first meeting, the male and female walk in zigzags for a long time, slowly getting closer. They touch each other with a paw. After this acquaintance, the couple stays together. The mating of the animals is preceded by a courtship period that lasts half a month or more. At this time, the male relentlessly follows the female, constantly trying to get closer to her. The female always goes ahead and at first constantly snaps in response to the signs of attention of the male or runs away. It happens that the bear has several fans at once. This leads to minor incidents between males. The mating period lasts about a month.

Seven to eight months after the rut, cubs are born. This happens already in the den in December or January. Cubs are most often born two. Less often - singles, triplets. Newborns are covered with sparse hair, are blind and deaf and weigh about half a kilogram. After half a month, the cubs have an auditory canal, the monthly cubs can already see. Baby teeth grow by three months, permanent in the one-year-old month. The family leaves the den when the offspring are already able to follow the mother on their own. The growth of the cubs at this time is the size of a small dog. They feed on mother's milk until about 4-6 months of age. Soon after leaving the den, the cubs begin to eat young grass. These days, the mother climbs a lot with her children on steep slopes and rocks, apparently teaching them this. The animals are very playful - running, tumbling, fighting. They annoy the mother - they bite her ears, neck, hang on her sides. The bear is quite patient with their pranks, often plays with them. When the cubs are 40-50 steps away from her, the mother is already worried and looks in their direction. Perhaps she somehow beckons them, because they suddenly rush to her with all their legs. During transitions, the mother pushes a straggler or a cub that has left the trail. In case of danger, the whole family runs away. One hunter told how in the autumn in the Dzungarian Alatau a bear was chasing his dog, and the cubs climbed a tree at that time. In autumn, the cubs grow noticeably and look well-fed. The first winter they spend in a den with their mother, the next year they fight off her during the rut and stay alone or in twos and threes. Sometimes they go to the den together. The female, expecting offspring, lies down in the den alone. Cubs in the second year of life are called lonchaks, in the third – pestuns. They sometimes join their younger brothers or other people's cubs, if the bear does not drive them away. Cubs are born once every two years and less often. If we take into account the small number of cubs in the brood, it becomes clear that bears reproduce very slowly. Out of every 20 cubs born, about 3 die for various reasons in the first year of life. It can be assumed that their mortality is high in the second year, since they remain unattended. It is known that the brown bear lived up to 47 years in the zoo. In natural conditions, life expectancy, of course, is less and depends mainly on the degree of persecution of a person.


In the wild among animals, the Tien Shan brown bear has no enemies. The population size of these predators is affected by a reduction in the food supply. The only enemy of the Tien Shan brown bear is man.


With the development of a grass-roots forest fire to an average, and even more intense intensity, when the flame height exceeds 1.5-2 meters, and the speed of movement of the edge of the fire exceeds 3 m / min, direct extinguishing of the edge of the fire is impossible due to the high temperature from thermal radiation and the speed of propagation. This also applies to riding fires. In this situation, fire extinguishing is used by annealing forest hot materials from natural boundaries: streams, swamps, roads, trails, or a mineralized strip is created using earthmoving equipment or hand tools, at an estimated distance from the edge of a forest fire, depending on forest conditions, intensity and type of forest fire. After preparing the support strip, annealing is performed towards the edge of the fire.

In order to safely start the annealing, the AZ-4 Ermak incendiary apparatus was created, which can be used to ignite the ground cover and forest litter when extinguishing a forest or steppe fire by annealing, as well as burning felling residues during fire clearing of cuttings, carrying out agricultural work and controlled burning.

The AZ-4 incendiary device is recommended for use by forestry and hunting farms for the independent elimination of fires. Since it is very dangerous to carry an incendiary device behind your back in the zone of intense heating, the designers have ensured maximum safety of the AZ-4 for firefighters – a cylinder with a flammable liquid is in your hand, and in case of unforeseen situations, the device can be instantly thrown aside.

The design of the incendiary device is a container made of high-strength stainless steel. Low weight and compact dimensions are combined with an optimal capacity indicator, which allows you to work for a long time without refueling against the background of minimal load on the operator.


1 - tank; 2 - handle; 3 - cap nut; 4 - fuel line; 5 - nozzle; 6 - wick; 7 - plug nut; 8 - lid; 9 - fitting; 10 - plug plug

Excellent tightness indicators allow the transportation of equipment even in a refueled state. The incendiary device has a simple and logical design of starting and refueling with a flammable liquid. The lid is provided with a notch around the perimeter, and on the handle there is a device for fixing the plug (nut).

Technical specifications:

tank capacity - 4.2 liters;

combustible composition - unleaded gasoline, M8 (M10) oil, 1:1 ratio;

tank material - stainless steel;

working time without refueling — 1 hour;

dimensions (during transportation) - 225x140x342 mm;

dimensions (in operation mode) - 225x140x615 mm;

rod material - high-quality aluminum;

weight without fuel composition - 2.1 kg;

the weight in the refueled state is 6.3 kg.


14.5 tons of saxaul seeds, which are intended for planting on the bottom of the dried-up part of the Aral Sea, were sent to the Kyzylorda region, the correspondent of Khabar 24 reports. The seeds were collected during the last month in the Ile-Balkhash Reserve, which was created as part of the Turan tiger reintroduction project. Extensive saxaul forests also grow in the specially protected area. In September last year, President Kassym-Jomart Tokayev announced a large-scale program for landscaping the country's territory. It is assumed that two billion trees will be planted in Kazakhstan in four years. The program also involves the landing of a saxaul at the bottom of the dried-up Aral Sea. This is necessary to strengthen the soil and reduce the number of so-called salt storms, from which the vast Central Asian region suffers.

Grigory Bedenko, correspondent:

- Saxaul grows very slowly. For example, such a tree is only 10-15 years old. Therefore, if we sow the bottom of the former Aral Sea with seeds of this plant right now, then the saxaul forest will appear there by about 2030 or 2040. But even the youngest trees have a very powerful root system. And this is an excellent protection against wind erosion of the soil in those places. Given the huge areas on which it is supposed to plant the saxaul, our scientists suggested using aviation. The seeds will be dispersed over the Aral Sea with the help of aircraft equipped with special equipment. This technology was used in Soviet times, but then it was forgotten in Kazakhstan. Although in the Uzbek part of the Aral Sea, aerial sowing is still practiced. To sow the saxaul is entrusted to "Kazavialesookhran". A tender has been announced now. In total, it is planned to use four AN-2 aircraft. But first you need to collect enough seeds.

Zhanibek Dzhubaniyazov, General Director of the Ile-Balkhash State Nature Reserve:

- This year the situation is quite difficult – there was a drought. Therefore, the yield is quite low, including in our country. But, in principle, we have a large territory of the reserve covered with saxaul, so we were able to collect the necessary amount. But in other areas, as far as I know, their yields are very low there. In order to collect the required amount of seeds, specialists from almost all national parks and reserves of the Almaty region were involved. This process took about a month.

Leonid Sidorenko, Head of the Almaty Territorial Inspectorate of Forestry and Wildlife:

- Collecting is very difficult. You have seen that a specially made device is being hung. Saxaul bends down, fights back. Then it needs to be sifted somehow, because a very large amount of garbage gets there. It is a very difficult process to clean these seeds. Because with garbage, it turns out, in general, an incredible amount of containers and transport will be needed. In the reserve, 14.5 tons of saxaul seeds were prepared for shipment to the Kyzylorda region - this is 1,700 bags. If the weather permits, the second batch will be assembled and sent. The most important thing is not to let the seeds get wet, as they absorb moisture very quickly and become covered with mold. According to the plan, the aerial sowing of Saksaul in the Aral Sea should begin in early December of this year.

Authors: Grigory Bedenko, Aben Narynbayev.



On November 11, 2021, a meeting was held in the Almaty Regional Territorial Inspectorate of Forestry and Wildlife, the Forestry and Wildlife Committee, the Ministry of Ecology, Geology and Natural Resources of the Republic of Kazakhstan via videoconference on the topic: "Results of the 2021 fire season", with the participation of representatives of municipal State forestry institutions of the Department of Natural Resources and Environmental Management of the Almaty region. The meeting was attended by: general director A.A. Kesimbayev, deputy general director A.K. Amanov, M.K. Bazarbekov, Head of the Taldykorgan aviation department, observer pilots of the Almaty aviation department T.A. Sariev and Ya.R. Ibragimov.


Blood donation is one of the most important and affordable methods of charity. A donor is a person who gives his blood, and with it health to the sick, life to the dying. According to Article 203 of the Code "On the Health of the People and the Healthcare System", almost any healthy person over the age of 18 who has passed an appropriate medical examination and has no contraindications, who has expressed a voluntary desire to donate blood and its components for medical purposes can become a donor.

What you need to know before donating blood:

On the basis of the order of the Ministry of Health of the Republic of Kazakhstan, donors are accepted only if there are identity documents or a military registration document for conscripts. Donors can be persons over the age of 18. The weight of the donor must be at least 55 kg.

On the days of donation and on the day of donation of blood and its components, donors are not recommended:

  • there are fatty, fried, spicy, smoked, dairy products.
  • drink alcohol two days before the procedure.
  • take aspirin, analgin, and other drugs containing analgesics three days before the procedure.
  • smoke less than an hour before the procedure.

The donor is obliged to provide information known to him about all existing or previously transferred diseases, as well as about his use of narcotic drugs, psychotropic substances and precursors.

A donor can donate blood for free or for a fee. Before giving blood, the donor undergoes a mandatory free medical examination. Certificates of health status for the implementation of the donor function are issued in public health organizations free of charge.

According to the Code on the Health of the People and the Healthcare System, on the days of medical examination and donation of blood and its components, an employee who is a donor is released from work by the employer with the preservation of his average salary. The donor performing the donor function receives an additional day of rest free of charge with the preservation of the average salary. If the donor, in agreement with the employer, has started work, and he is given another day at his request, or this day can be included in the annual work leave.

If the donor is a serviceman, on the days of giving blood, he is exempt from wearing outfits, watches and other forms of service, and students and students are exempt from studying.

A donor who performs the donor function free of charge, in order to replenish the volume of his blood and the energy costs of the body after giving blood, optionally receives free food or its monetary equivalent in the amount of 0.25 MCI established by the Government of the Republic of Kazakhstan.



According to Order No. 27-5-6/238 "On the completion of the fire season on the lands of the State Forest Fund in 2021", on November 15, 2021, the fire season ends in the territories of Zhambyl, Atyrau, Almaty, Kyzylorda, Kostanay and Turkestan regions.

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